1948 Claude Shannon with his “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” maintained the staples to squeeze information into the binary space.
“How is an information source to be described mathematically, and how much information in bits per second is produced in a given source? The main point at issue is the effect of statistical knowledge about the source in reducing the required capacity of the channel, by the use of proper encoding of the information.”
Read more about the Future enhancements to the Cyborg Astrobiologist system that will help identify both carbon and non-carbon forms of life here
BTW the Queen that ruled the arctic the last thousand years is illustrated here by Robert Gibson Jones
from the Fantastic Adventures v11 #11 Novembre 1949 shown at the ‘Polemics’ exhibition at the Maison d’Ailleurs